|Title:||Production and Physico-chemical Characterization of Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil Available in Bangladesh|
|Keywords:||Transesterification, Biodiesel, Waste Cooking Oil, Physico-chemical characterization, Process optimization|
High production cost can be considered as the prime challenge for the
commercial biodiesel production. However, it can be minimized by
manufacturing biodiesel from low-cost and locally available sources and
waste materials. Here, biodiesel was produced from waste cooking oil
(WCO) through transesterification process using base catalyst.
Optimization of the production process showed that the yield was found
up to a maximum of 96.87% under the condition of 60 °C reaction
temperature, 90 min reaction time and addition of 50 wt.% methanol and
0.8 wt.% NaOH (both are on the basis of wt. of WCO) in the WCO.
Physico-chemical parameters e.g., viscosity, density, acid value, pour
point, flash point etc. of of the produced Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel
(WCOB) were determined and compared with petroleum diesel and biodiesel
standard suggested by ASTM. Engine performance involving the fuel
consumption test of the produced WCOB blended with commercial diesel
were also carried out. The experimental study indicates that WCO can be
used as one of the alternative sources of suitable raw material to
produce biodiesel (WCOB) in an economic way.